When a person experiences an unhelpful emotion (e.g. depression or anxiety), it is usually preceded by a number of unhelpful self-statements and thoughts. Often there is a pattern to such thoughts and we call these “unhelpful thinking styles”.
One of the things we have noticed is that people use unhelpful thinking styles as an automatic habit. It is something that happens out of our awareness. However, when a person consistently and constantly uses some of these styles of thinking they can often cause themselves a great deal of emotional distress.
When we use a mental filter we “filter in”some information well we “filter out” other types of information stop although we might sometimes consider this a useful process of focusing on watch we consider important it can become a sort of tunnel vision where we focus on only one part of the situation and ignore the rest of them this means looking at the negative parts of the situation and forgetting the positive parts.